Top 4 Types of Access Controls Essential For Security

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Systems for controlling access to the site are among the most efficient modern security measures management of construction projects can use to guard their properties from people who aren’t authorized to be on the premises. And help reduce the risk of crime, control and monitor the flow of people and increase safety and health standards.

In the past, just closing an unmanned construction site was the norm. However, now, thanks to the advent of modern, intelligent technology, businesses are demanding greater security. So, the construction security is more important.

In this article, we will discuss the four primary types of access control systems available and the advantages and disadvantages of each.

Discretionary Access Control

It is the most adaptable access control model because it allows the site manager or total owner control over who has access to certain areas of the site or property. With the DAC system, each entry point will be identified with its specific Access Control List, which notes the individuals or group of workers and suppliers, as well as other kinds of visitors that will be allowed to access the.

A DAC system is typically simple to use, operating on the standard operating systems for computers like Windows and Mac OS, making it simple to control and configure for most administrators. Permissions are easily modified at their discretion, allowing them to decide who is allowed to enter and access the system.

A disadvantage of this access control system is that administrators could be too powerful. This means they could give access only to the right kind of person, which could put the site’s assets and employees at risk. Additionally, it could be more susceptible to infection by malware than different forms of access control systems.

Mandatory Access Control

A MAC method is one of the most strict of all kinds of access control. This is why it is ideal for government agencies and other facilities with high security. They operate in such a manner that rigid limitations are imposed at all entry points like gates or doors, based on configurations the administrator or manager decides to set.

This means that the staff and others who enter the premises are not given control over access privileges and can access and leave at locations that are designated to them by those responsible, based on their particular class.

If the person who is in charge of the system would like to give a different degree of access to a user and they want to do so, they should, in general, create a completely brand new person profile and a classification of the person since the previous permissions can’t be easily changed.

Because of the extremely strict nature of this kind for access control, MAC is unlikely to be required in many construction locations and monitored by a security company

Role-Based Access Control

RBAC is probably the most commonly used form in access control. Access permissions may be granted to persons depending on their job within the organization or site. For example, if an individual is identified as a “construction project manager”, they’ll automatically receive access rights granted to employees with this job title.

This could mean they can access all website areas or just certain areas depending on their access rights following their job.
This access control system can benefit various businesses since it’s simple and user-friendly. The site administrator or manager will specify the roles they have defined and the level of access they’d like to allow to each role.

But, there are problems when employees have to gain access to areas they aren’t allowed to access, for instance, in an emergency or other situations. Only the person who controls the system can modify permissions in this situation. This might not be the case in all cases, depending on how the system is set up.

Rule-Based Access Control

In contrast to the preceding rules-based systems, rule-based systems allow access following specific rules or limitations. For example, if, for instance, you want employees to be allowed to enter your site at specific hours of the day or on specific dates of the week, then a system based on rules would be an ideal solution in construction site security.

In the same way, rule-based systems may limit access to users who aren’t in the correct place or not using the appropriate device to gain access. To further protect yourself, rules-based systems, users’ access could be denied based on the volume of previous attempts at gaining access.

This type of system is ideal for companies requiring accountability and where the site’s owners need to manage the time and spaces employees have access to. It also has more flexibility than other models that allow administrators to alter rules and permissions according to the constantly changing nature of construction projects, which is extremely beneficial.